- Index
- Blackjack Rules
- Tips for Blackjack
- Card Counting Strategy
- Blackjack Variants
- Blackjack Cheating
- Blackjack Terms

- History
- Card Values
- Players Options
- Counting History
- Counting Systems
- Card Marking
- Mucking
- Switching Cards
- Casino 777

The first strategy for Blackjack was published by Cantey, McDermott, Maisel and Baldwin, back in 1958 in American Journal of the American Statistical Association. The authors published their work later in a book named Winning Blackjack.

The original blackjack strategy became very popular among players, and it's hard to believe they managed to do all of the calculations without computers' help.

Players all over States started to visit Las Vegas, after reading the book, or should we say the manual. Moreover, careful ones managed to earn some money following the strategy. Moreover, this was only the beginning of strategies development.

The next important man in strategies development was Ed Thorp. He saw the differences between Blackjack and 'independent trials' games like roulette.

His ideas and strategies were published in 1962 in his book named 'Beat the Dealer'.

He called his system presented in book 'ten-count System'.

The system was based on his theory about dependable trials, and made for single deck game.

It wasn't easy to practice the Ten-card system - the player had to count the remaining cards and do the calculations at the same time.

In ordinary deck of cards for single deck game there are 52 cards. 20 of them have the value of ten - 10s, Js, Qs and Ks. Therefore; the ratio for tens and other cards is 32:20.

You have to count the number of tens. This would give you the advantage, because based on the number of tens remaining in the deck you could calculate your odds for getting the ten. If, for example, there are 15 tens and 30 other cards in a deck, the Thorp Ratio is 2 - the result of dividing the number of other cards with the number of tens

According to his table you should remember also, with this ratio your advantage for the next deal is 1%.

Of course, you wouldn't always get nice, rounded numbers as a result, so it was hard to calculate advantages, so Thorp simplified the rules.

Nevertheless, lots of people from all over the States wanted to try their luck, and casinos limited the number of double downs to 11, but only for short period. They decided it would be better idea to introduce multi-decks and dealing cards from the shoe, and they became more careful observing the players. If they suspected the player is counting cards, the dealer would have to shuffle the cards once more. .